No 9 Zhongshan Square is the former Yokohama Specie Bank （横 浜 正 金 銀 行 ）building, built in 1909. It houses the Bank of China Dalian Branch today.
The most important landmark in present-day Dalian is Nicholas Square, called the Ohiroba 大広場 in the Japanese era, and Zhongshan Square 中山广场 today. It is the equivalent of Shanghai and Hankow’s Bund, in terms of the number of monumental concession-era architecture still remaining.
Like the Shanghai and Hankow Bunds, Nicholas Square, or Ohiroba, rather, was the centre of commerce and government in Dairen, housing government offices and Dairen branches of major international Japanese banks, like the Yokohama Specie Bank.
There are ten buildings sitting around the circular “square” today. Of these, only 7 date from the Japanese era. The Russians had not time to build on the square they designated before they were ousted. And a few of the buildings were demolished and replaced by the Chinese in the 1950s right up to 2000.
This gallery provides portraits of all 10 of the buildings on the square, as well as two other significant buildings in the vicinity. I am indebted to Wikipedia’s entry “Modern Buildings on Zhongshan Square in Dalian” for the information.
No. 1 Zhongshan Square is the former Bank of Korea Dairen Branch 朝鮮銀行 was built in 1920. Today it houses the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China.
No. 2 – The former Dairen Police Station 大連民政署, built in 1908。
No. 3 – Dalian Financial Building 大连金融大厦 was built in 2000 where the British Consulate General’s Office (1914) used to stand. That was demolished in 1995.
No. 4 – The Yamato Hotel ヤ マト旅館, built in 1914 was Dairen’s Grand Hotel. Today it is known as the Dalian Hotel.
No. 5 – the former Dairen City Hall 大 連 市 役 所, was built in 1919.
No. 6 – The Dairen branch of the Japanese Oriental Development Company 東洋拓殖 was built in 1936.
No. 7 – This Renaissance-style building houses the Daqing Bank 大清銀行, built in 1910.
No. 8 – The Dalian People’s Cultural Club 大 连 文 化 俱 乐 部 was built by the Soviets when they occupied the city in 1951.
No. 10 – The former Kwantung Bureau of Communications 關東通信局 was built in 1917. Today it houses the Post Office.
Just off the square is the former Bank of Taiwan 台灣銀行, built in 1910.
Also just off the square, where the British Consulate used to stand, is the former Dairen Anglian Church, built in 1928.