Downtown Jaipur

1 - Albert Hall

Albert Hall Museum, opened in 1887, blends European, Mughal and Rajput styles. It is the oldest museum in Rajasthan.

Jaipur was established in 1727 by the Maharaja Jai Singh II, who shifted his capital here from the Amber Fort.

From the beginning, the Maharaja wanted a city that married ancient traditions with modern needs – and so, surprisingly for many visitors to this city of wide boulevard and an orderly grid layout, the city was planned to Hindu (and not European) principles.

The architect and city planner for Jaipur was Bengali architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, who planned the city according to Vastu Shastra, or the traditional Hindu system of architecture that emphasise symmetry, directional alignment and geometric patterns.

The entire downtown was only painted in a salmon-pink hue in 1876, to welcome the arrival of the Prince of Wales, who would become the future King Edward VII.  The colour stuck and almost the entire old town of Jaipur today continues to sport this colour.

Another important monument in the city that was named after the Prince of Wales is Albert Hall Museum, designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob (who also co-designed the City Palace) in an ebullient Indo-Saracenic style that had been used in civic and monumental buildings all over British India at the time (particularly in Bombay).

The foundation stone was laid in that very same year the Prince of Wales visited, and the building opened as a museum in 1887. It was named after the Prince of Wales himself (whose first name was Albert). It is still one of the most important sites to visit in the city today.

Around the City Palace

2 - Tripolia Gate

Tripolia Gate is the entrance to the City Palace Complex.

3 - Jamae Masjid

Jami Masjid – the main mosque in Jaipur , dates back to 1569.

4 - Hawa Mahal

The Hawa Mahal or Palace of Winds was built in 1799. It is Jaipur’s most iconic structure.

5 - Hawa Mahal Back

Back view of the Hawa Mahal, and where the visitor enters.

6 - Sawai Man Singh Town Hall

Sawai Man Singh Town Hall, built in 1884, has Greco-Roman elements.

7 - Streets

Balconies, latticework and chhatri.

8 - Dental Clinic

Eclectic architecture in the pink city – Mughal domes, Bengali roofs and Rajput arches.

9 - Tripolia Bazaar

Bustling corner of Tripolia Bazaar.

10 - Closeup

Close-up of Rajput-style lotus dome – Tripolia Bazaar.

11 - Ishwar Lat

Ishwar Lat was built in Sawai Ishwari Singh in 1749 to commemorate victory over his brother Madho Singh.

12 - Hindu Temple

Hindu Temple in the Pink City.

Pink City façades

24 - Kishanpol

Ajmeri Darwaza lies on the westerly road to Ajmer.

15 - Facades II

Latticework and green shutters. Restoration in progress at the lower levels.

16 - Facades III

…could be shophouse architecture.

17 - Facades IV

Beautifully ornamented facade at right. Covered walkways are equivalent of “five-foot-ways” in Southeast Asia.

18 - Facades V

Variety of functional architectural styles.

19 - Facades VI

White Rajput Arch windows.

20 - Facades VII

Latticed windows denote residential quarters on the upper levels.

21 - Facades VIII

Entrance to bazaar.

22 - Facades IX

Multiple styles of architecture.

23 - Bazaar

One of the many bazaars in downtown Jaipur.

27 - Tholia House

Commercial architecture – Tholia House

28 - Golcha Point

Golcha Point.

29 - Raj Mandir

Raj Mandir – Art Deco Cinema.

Commemorating the visit of the Prince of Wales, 1876

26 - King Edward Memorial

The King Edward Memorial, in Indo-Saracenic style.

25 - Yaadgar Clocktower

The Memorial comes with an attached clocktower, known as Yaadgar.

13 - Naya Pol

Naya Pol, or “New Gate”.

30 - Albert Hall BACK

A little south of the bazaar area sits Albert Hall Museum, opened in 1886. This is the view from Nehru Garden, south of the building.

31 - Albert Hall Entrance

The entrance to Albert Hall.

32 - Albert Hall Lobby

The Ante-lobby presents portraits of past Maharajas of Jaipur.

33 - Albert Hall Interior

Interior of Albert Hall Museum.

34 - Albert Hall Courtyard

The Albert Hall Museum Courtyard juxtaposes Moorish and Rajput style arches.

35 - Albert Hall Tower

Close-up one of the side towers of Albert Hall Museum, demonstrating Indo-Persian (i.e. Mughal), Rajput and Bengali elements.

36 - Albert Hall

And finally…a backward glance at Albert Hall Museum from the front (north).

 

About Kennie Ting

I am a wandering cityophile and pattern-finder who is pathologically incapable of staying in one place for any long period of time. When I do, I see the place from different perspectives, obsessive-compulsively.
Gallery | This entry was posted in Art & Architecture, Cities & Regions, Culture & Lifestyle, Heritage, India, Landmarks & History, Museums, Photography, Travel & Mobility and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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